Juniper to Mikrotik – MPLS Commands

About the Juniper to MikroTik series

In the world of network engineering, learning a new syntax for a NOS can be daunting if you need a specific config quickly.  Juniper is a popular option for service providers/data centers and is widely deployed across the world. 

This is a continuation of the Rosetta stone for network operating systems series.  In this article we will be covering multi-protocol label switching (MPLS) using label distribution protocol (LDP). We are sticking with LDP as MikroTik does not have wide support for RSVP-TE.

You can find the first two articles of the series here:

Juniper to MikroTik – BGP commands

Juniper to MikroTik – OSPF commands

While many commands have almost the exact same information, others are as close as possible.  Since there isn’t always an exact match, sometimes you may have to run two or three commands to get the information needed. 

Using EVE-NG for testing

We conducted utilized EVE-NG for all of the testing with the topology seen below.

Juniper CommandMikroTik Command
show ldp neighbormpls ldp neighbor print
show ldp interfacempls ldp interface print
show route forwarding-table family mplsmpls forwarding-table print
show ldp databasempls remote-bindings print
show ldp databasempls local-bindings print
show mpls label usagempls print
set interfaces ge-0/0/0 unit 0 family mpls
set protocols ldp interface ge-0/0/0.0
/mpls ldp interface
add interface=ether1
set routing-options router-id 10.1.1.1/mpls ldp
set enabled=yes lsr-id=10.1.1.3
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is IPA-MikroTik-2.png
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Examples of the commands above


This first command will show you some basic information about your MPLS LDP neighbors. On juniper you can add the keyword detail to the end for additional information on the neighbors.

[[email protected]] > mpls ldp neighbor print

[email protected]> show ldp neighbor


This command will list all of the interfaces that are currently enabled for LDP.

[[email protected]] > mpls ldp interface print

[email protected]> show ldp interface


Use this command to display the MPLS forwarding table which shows what labels are assigned, the interface used and the next-hop. It will also tell you the action taken such as pop, swap, or push.

[[email protected]] > mpls forwarding-table print

[email protected]> show route forwarding-table family mpls


The next two commands will be combined since juniper only has one command to be equivalent to mikrotiks output. This is will show the advertised and received labels for all of the prefixes known to LDP as well as the label associated with it and where it was learned from. On JunOS you will notice label 3. This is juiper’s method to signal implicit null and request label popping by the downstream router.

[[email protected]] > mpls remote-bindings print

[[email protected]] > mpls local-bindings print

[email protected]NOS-R2> show ldp database


This last command will show the label ranges and what they are used for.

[[email protected]] > mpls print

[email protected]> show mpls label usage

Configurations

[email protected]# show | display set
set version 18.2R1.9
set system root-authentication encrypted-password "$6$iCt/DOMc$lQFrIQdrjot1m0lIY5A2eUaOmat87oAqbNZWd/3KPij2QWTlBQEyYlVbb1/emd2N9VKN6NL0olk.kJK7mLcgM0"
set system host-name JUNOS-R1
set system syslog user * any emergency
set system syslog file messages any notice
set system syslog file messages authorization info
set system syslog file interactive-commands interactive-commands any
set system processes dhcp-service traceoptions file dhcp_logfile
set system processes dhcp-service traceoptions file size 10m
set system processes dhcp-service traceoptions level all
set system processes dhcp-service traceoptions flag packet
set interfaces ge-0/0/0 unit 0 family inet address 203.0.113.1/29
set interfaces ge-0/0/0 unit 0 family mpls
set interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet dhcp vendor-id Juniper-vmx-VM6015C6C2F2
set interfaces lo0 unit 0 family inet address 10.1.1.1/32
set routing-options router-id 10.1.1.1
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface lo0.0 passive
set protocols ldp interface ge-0/0/0.0
[email protected]# show | display set
set version 18.2R1.9
set system root-authentication encrypted-password "$6$x.MmgodX$XG1D3lCYPC8VpIhE8NXxdRJaoZS8sYB2PB0v50POrrx6Mi.nhnTB/41NGFk1zL8RDQBdR/lCPG2NazFDYgzNf/"
set system host-name JUNOS-R2
set system syslog user * any emergency
set system syslog file messages any notice
set system syslog file messages authorization info
set system syslog file interactive-commands interactive-commands any
set system processes dhcp-service traceoptions file dhcp_logfile
set system processes dhcp-service traceoptions file size 10m
set system processes dhcp-service traceoptions level all
set system processes dhcp-service traceoptions flag packet
set interfaces ge-0/0/0 unit 0 family inet address 203.0.113.2/29
set interfaces ge-0/0/0 unit 0 family mpls
set interfaces ge-0/0/1 unit 0 family inet address 203.0.113.9/29
set interfaces ge-0/0/1 unit 0 family mpls
set interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet dhcp vendor-id Juniper-vmx-VM6015C6C3B3
set interfaces lo0 unit 0 family inet address 10.1.1.2/32
set routing-options router-id 10.1.1.2
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/1.0
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface lo0.0 passive
set protocols ldp interface ge-0/0/0.0
set protocols ldp interface ge-0/0/1.0
[[email protected]] > export
# jan/31/2021 20:52:19 by RouterOS 6.46.8
# software id =
#
#
#
/interface bridge
add name=Loopback0
/interface wireless security-profiles
set [ find default=yes ] supplicant-identity=MikroTik
/ip address
add address=203.0.113.10/29 interface=ether1 network=203.0.113.8
add address=10.1.1.3 interface=Loopback0 network=10.1.1.3
add address=203.0.113.17/29 interface=ether2 network=203.0.113.16
/ip dhcp-client
add disabled=no interface=ether2
add disabled=no interface=ether1
/mpls ldp
set enabled=yes lsr-id=10.1.1.3
/mpls ldp interface
add interface=ether1
add interface=ether2
/routing ospf network
add area=backbone network=203.0.113.8/29
add area=backbone network=10.1.1.3/32
add area=backbone network=203.0.113.16/29
/system identity
set name=MikroTik-R3
[[email protected]] > export
# jan/31/2021 21:06:10 by RouterOS 6.46.8
# software id =
#
#
#
/interface bridge
add name=Loopback0
/interface wireless security-profiles
set [ find default=yes ] supplicant-identity=MikroTik
/ip address
add address=203.0.113.18/29 interface=ether1 network=203.0.113.16
add address=10.1.1.4 interface=Loopback0 network=10.1.1.4
/ip dhcp-client
add disabled=no interface=ether2
add disabled=no interface=ether1
/mpls ldp
set enabled=yes lsr-id=10.1.1.4
/mpls ldp interface
add interface=ether1
/routing ospf network
add area=backbone network=203.0.113.16/29
add area=backbone network=10.1.1.4/32
/system identity
set name=MikroTik-R4

Thanks for joining us for this series and check back soon for more posts.

Juniper To MikroTik – OSPF Commands

About the Juniper to MikroTik Series

In the world of network engineering, learning a new syntax for a NOS can be daunting if you need a specific config quickly.  Juniper is a popular option for service providers/data centers and is widely deployed across the world. 

This is a continuation of the Rosetta stone for network operating systems series.  In this portion of the series we will be covering Open Shortest Path First, OSPF, version 2 which is a popular interior gateway protocol (IGP).

You can find the first article of the series Juniper to Mikrotik – BGP Commands here.

While many commands have almost the exact same information, others are as close as possible.  Since there isn’t always an exact match, sometimes you may have to run two or three commands to get the information needed. 

Using EVE-NG for testing

We conducted all testing on EVE-NG utilizing the topology seen below.

JunOS CommandMikroTik Command
show ospf neighborrouting ospf neighbor print
show ospf interfacerouting ospf interface print
show ospf overview briefrouting ospf instance print detail
show ospf databaserouting ospf lsa print
show route protocol ospfip route print where ospf=yes
show ospf route abrrouting ospf area-border-router print
show ospf route asbrrouting ospf as-border-router print
edit protocols ospf/routing ospf instance
set routing-options router-id 203.0.113.1/routing ospf instance set 0 router-id=203.0.113.2
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface lo0.0/routing ospf network add area=backbone network=203.0.113.2/32
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 /routing ospf network
add area=backbone network=203.0.113.128/29
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 interface-type p2p
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 hello-interval 1
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 dead-interval 4
/routing ospf interface add dead-interval=4s hello-interval=1s interface=ether1 network-type=point-to-point
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Examples of the commands above


This first command will show you all of the routers you have an OSPF neighbor adjacency with.

[[email protected]] > routing ospf neighbor print

ro[email protected]> show ospf neighbor

This next command lists all of the interface enabled for OSPF as well as some basic information such as cost, priority, and network type. Juniper displays slightly different information such as area, DR info, and number of neighbors. Juniper does not have the concept of a network statement so interfaces explicitly configured for OSPF will appear here. You can optionally add the detail command on JunOS for more information.

[[email protected]] > routing ospf interface print

[email protected]> show ospf interface

This command will list all of the details regarding the OSPF instances running on the router.

[[email protected]] > routing ospf instance print

[email protected]> show ospf overview brief

This command lists all of the OSPF LSAs as well as some details about them.

[[email protected]] > routing ospf lsa print

[email protected]> show ospf database

This next command will show all of the OSPF routes in the routing table.

[[email protected]] > ip route print where ospf=yes

[email protected]> show route protocol ospf

This next set of commands will show you the area-border-routers or autonomous-system-boundary routers. We injected a connected route into OSPF to generate a type-5 LSA for an external route.

[[email protected]] > routing ospf area-border-router print

[[email protected]] > routing ospf as-border-router print

[email protected]> show ospf route abr

[email protected]> show ospf route asbr

Mikrotik OSPF configuration

/interface bridge
add name=Loopback0
add name=Loopback1
add name=Loopback2
/interface wireless security-profiles
set [ find default=yes ] supplicant-identity=MikroTik
/routing ospf area
add area-id=0.0.0.51 name=Area51
/routing ospf instance
set [ find default=yes ] redistribute-connected=as-type-1 router-id=203.0.113.2
/ip address
add address=203.0.113.2 interface=Loopback0 network=203.0.113.2
add address=203.0.113.3 interface=Loopback1 network=203.0.113.3
add address=203.0.113.4 interface=Loopback2 network=203.0.113.4
add address=203.0.113.130/29 interface=ether1 network=203.0.113.128
/ip dhcp-client
add dhcp-options=hostname,clientid disabled=no interface=ether1
/routing ospf interface
add dead-interval=4s hello-interval=1s interface=ether1 network-type=point-to-point
/routing ospf network
add area=backbone network=203.0.113.2/32
add area=backbone network=203.0.113.128/29
add area=Area51 network=203.0.113.3/32
/system identity
set name=MIKROTIK-OSPF

Juniper OSPF configuration

set interfaces ge-0/0/0 unit 0 family inet address 203.0.113.129/29
set interfaces lo0 unit 0 family inet address 203.0.113.1/32
set routing-options router-id 203.0.113.1
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 interface-type p2p
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 hello-interval 1
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 dead-interval 4
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface lo0.0 passive

More Juniper to MikroTik articles are on the way!

This article covered some of basic and common OSPF commands. Check back in the future for examples of more advanced features and capabilities. Also stay tuned for our upcoming Juniper to MikroTik MPLS command translation.