In the world of network engineering, learning a new syntax for a NOS can be daunting if you need a specific config quickly. Juniper is a popular option for service providers/data centers and is widely deployed across the world.
This is a continuation of the Rosetta stone for network operating systems series. In this portion of the series we will be covering Open Shortest Path First, OSPF, version 2 which is a popular interior gateway protocol (IGP).
You can find the first article of the series Juniper to Mikrotik – BGP Commands here.
While many commands have almost the exact same information, others are as close as possible. Since there isn’t always an exact match, sometimes you may have to run two or three commands to get the information needed.
Using EVE-NG for testing
We conducted all testing on EVE-NG utilizing the topology seen below.
show ospf neighbor
routing ospf neighbor print
show ospf interface
routing ospf interface print
show ospf overview brief
routing ospf instance print detail
show ospf database
routing ospf lsa print
show route protocol ospf
ip route print where ospf=yes
show ospf route abr
routing ospf area-border-router print
show ospf route asbr
routing ospf as-border-router print
edit protocols ospf
/routing ospf instance
set routing-options router-id 203.0.113.1
/routing ospf instance set 0 router-id=203.0.113.2
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 interface-type p2p
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 hello-interval 1
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 dead-interval 4
This next command lists all of the interface enabled for OSPF as well as some basic information such as cost, priority, and network type. Juniper displays slightly different information such as area, DR info, and number of neighbors. Juniper does not have the concept of a network statement so interfaces explicitly configured for OSPF will appear here. You can optionally add the detail command on JunOS for more information.
set interfaces ge-0/0/0unit0family inet address203.0.113.129/29
set interfaces lo0 unit0family inet address203.0.113.1/32
set routing-options router-id203.0.113.1
set protocols ospf area0.0.0.0interfacege-0/0/0.0interface-type p2p
set protocols ospf area0.0.0.0interfacege-0/0/0.0hello-interval1
set protocols ospf area0.0.0.0interfacege-0/0/0.0dead-interval4
set protocols ospf area0.0.0.0interfacelo0.0passive
More Juniper to MikroTik articles are on the way!
This article covered some of basic and common OSPF commands. Check back in the future for examples of more advanced features and capabilities. Also stay tuned for our upcoming Juniper to MikroTik MPLS command translation.
If you missed it, take a look at MikroTik’s video on RouterOS v7 routing performance and changes.
One of the long awaited benefits of RouterOS version 7 is a new routing protocol stack that enables new capabilities and fixes limitations in RouterOSv6 caused by the use of a very old Linux kernel.
The new routing stack in v7 has created quite a buzz in the MikroTik community as lab tests have shown that it’s significantly more efficient in processing large numbers of BGP routes.
The ability to use MikroTik’s new generation of CCR routers with ARM64 to quickly process BGP routes is a blog post all to itself and we’ll tackle that in the future – however, the information below provides a quick look into the performance comparison between ROS v6 and v7.
The new routing stack also paves the way to add a number of features that have been needed for a long time like RPKI and large community support.
Using a lab based on EVE-NG, we’ll take a look at configuration changes and iBGP using the IPv6 AFI with OSPFv3 as the IGP for loopback/next hop reachability. Prior to 7.1beta2, this has been nonfunctional for years due to routing recursion limitations.
v7 Routing Protocol Status
For the most up to date information about features and capabilities in v7, MikroTik created a page that tracks feature status across the different beta releases
ROS Version:7.1beta2 (7.1beta3 was released just before I published this – at some point i’ll update with testing on beta3) Network Modeling: EVE-NG Pro
One of the biggest changes in OSPF for both version 2 (IPv4) and version 3 (IPv6) is the consolidation of menus into a single location for OSPF configuration.
In ROSv7, all configuration occurs under /routing/ospf/ and instances can be created for v2 or v3.
Change from ROSv6: OSPF Menu options have changed in ROSv7, this is partly due to combining OPSFv2 and OSPFv3 into a single configuration framework.
OSPF command options in ROSv6 for OSPFv2 and OSPFv3
OSPF command options in ROSv7 for both versions of OSPF
Change from ROSv6: There is a new flag in the IPv6 routing table for ECMP and no flag for RIP
When looking at the new output for the routing table, a few things stand out. ECMP has a new flag using the “+” symbol to denote two or more equal paths.
ECMP in IPv6 is a feature limitation that RouterOSv6 had and this will make it easier to deploy IPv6 networks with MikroTik.
RIP or Routing Internet Protocol is missing from the routing flags. It’s unclear at this point whether RIPv2 or RIP-NG will make it into RouterOSv7 since it’s not used very often anymore in prod networks.
Correcting issues with recursive routing in IPv6.
Being able to use recursive routing for advertising loopbacks and using iBGP with IPv6 has been a limitation of ROSv6 for a long time due to the older linux kernel in use.
Now that ROSv7 has added the initial support for OSPF and BGP, we are able to test IPv6 routing recursion.
Here is a test from PE-1 to PE-2 (2001:db8:101::12) using iBGP
Change from ROSv6: Using filters in OSPF
One of the first major challenges I had to solve when working with ROSv7 was figuring out why every route available became advertised into OSPF.
At first it looked like a bug, but when I dug deeper, I came across this snippet in the new MikroTik help docs
In ROSv7, BGP configuration has been revamped and is much closer to the style of configuration that Cisco/Juniper use with config elements that can be nested and reused.
Considering all the work that’s being done to improve full table convergence time on ROSv7, this change is a step in the right direction to allow MikroTik to compete with larger network vendors in the area of peering and transit.
Change from ROSv6: BGP Menu options have changed in ROSv7 to accommodate new features like Templates and RPKI
BGP command options in ROSv6
BGP command options in ROSv7
New Feature: BGP Roles
This is a new capability in BGP as of July 2020 and MikroTik was one of the first to have it implemented.