About the Juniper to MikroTik Series
In the world of network engineering, learning a new syntax for a NOS can be daunting if you need a specific config quickly. Juniper is a popular option for service providers/data centers and is widely deployed across the world.
This is a continuation of the Rosetta stone for network operating systems series. In this portion of the series we will be covering Open Shortest Path First, OSPF, version 2 which is a popular interior gateway protocol (IGP).
You can find the first article of the series Juniper to Mikrotik – BGP Commands here.
While many commands have almost the exact same information, others are as close as possible. Since there isn’t always an exact match, sometimes you may have to run two or three commands to get the information needed.
Using EVE-NG for testing
We conducted all testing on EVE-NG utilizing the topology seen below.
|JunOS Command||MikroTik Command|
|show ospf neighbor||routing ospf neighbor print|
|show ospf interface||routing ospf interface print|
|show ospf overview brief||routing ospf instance print detail|
|show ospf database||routing ospf lsa print|
|show route protocol ospf||ip route print where ospf=yes|
|show ospf route abr||routing ospf area-border-router print|
|show ospf route asbr||routing ospf as-border-router print|
|edit protocols ospf||/routing ospf instance|
|set routing-options router-id 203.0.113.1||/routing ospf instance set 0 router-id=203.0.113.2|
|set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface lo0.0||/routing ospf network add area=backbone network=203.0.113.2/32|
|set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0|| /routing ospf network|
add area=backbone network=203.0.113.128/29
|set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 interface-type p2p|
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 hello-interval 1
set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 dead-interval 4
|/routing ospf interface add dead-interval=4s hello-interval=1s interface=ether1 network-type=point-to-point|
Examples of the commands above
This first command will show you all of the routers you have an OSPF neighbor adjacency with.
[[email protected]ROTIK-OSPF] > routing ospf neighbor print
[email protected]> show ospf neighbor
This next command lists all of the interface enabled for OSPF as well as some basic information such as cost, priority, and network type. Juniper displays slightly different information such as area, DR info, and number of neighbors. Juniper does not have the concept of a network statement so interfaces explicitly configured for OSPF will appear here. You can optionally add the detail command on JunOS for more information.
[[email protected]] > routing ospf interface print
[email protected]> show ospf interface
This command will list all of the details regarding the OSPF instances running on the router.
[[email protected]] > routing ospf instance print
[email protected]> show ospf overview brief
This command lists all of the OSPF LSAs as well as some details about them.
[[email protected]] > routing ospf lsa print
[email protected]> show ospf database
This next command will show all of the OSPF routes in the routing table.
[[email protected]] > ip route print where ospf=yes
[email protected]> show route protocol ospf
This next set of commands will show you the area-border-routers or autonomous-system-boundary routers. We injected a connected route into OSPF to generate a type-5 LSA for an external route.
[[email protected]] > routing ospf area-border-router print
[[email protected]] > routing ospf as-border-router print
[email protected]PF> show ospf route abr
[email protected]> show ospf route asbr
Mikrotik OSPF configuration
/interface bridge add name=Loopback0 add name=Loopback1 add name=Loopback2 /interface wireless security-profiles set [ find default=yes ] supplicant-identity=MikroTik /routing ospf area add area-id=0.0.0.51 name=Area51 /routing ospf instance set [ find default=yes ] redistribute-connected=as-type-1 router-id=203.0.113.2 /ip address add address=203.0.113.2 interface=Loopback0 network=203.0.113.2 add address=203.0.113.3 interface=Loopback1 network=203.0.113.3 add address=203.0.113.4 interface=Loopback2 network=203.0.113.4 add address=203.0.113.130/29 interface=ether1 network=203.0.113.128 /ip dhcp-client add dhcp-options=hostname,clientid disabled=no interface=ether1 /routing ospf interface add dead-interval=4s hello-interval=1s interface=ether1 network-type=point-to-point /routing ospf network add area=backbone network=203.0.113.2/32 add area=backbone network=203.0.113.128/29 add area=Area51 network=203.0.113.3/32 /system identity set name=MIKROTIK-OSPF
Juniper OSPF configuration
set interfaces ge-0/0/0 unit 0 family inet address 203.0.113.129/29 set interfaces lo0 unit 0 family inet address 203.0.113.1/32 set routing-options router-id 203.0.113.1 set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 interface-type p2p set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 hello-interval 1 set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface ge-0/0/0.0 dead-interval 4 set protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface lo0.0 passive
More Juniper to MikroTik articles are on the way!
This article covered some of basic and common OSPF commands. Check back in the future for examples of more advanced features and capabilities. Also stay tuned for our upcoming Juniper to MikroTik MPLS command translation.