Migrating from fabricpath to EVPN/VxLAN

Introduction

Do you have a 3 tier, switched, or vendor proprietary data center design?

Does it rely on spanning tree or proprietary solutions to eliminate spanning tree?

Not sure how to migrate to a new architecture without serious downtime?

If you answered yes to any of these questions then this post is for you. We’ll be looking at deploying an EVPN/VxLAN Data Center fabric and migrating from a cisco fabricpath environment to the new design.

Although we will be focusing on a fabricpath migration many, if not all, of the principles apply to migrating a 3 tier architecture.

1. Building the new Data Center Fabric
2. Connecting the current fabricpath and new fabric
3. Migrating switched virtual interfaces
4. Migrating various types of physical devices

Building the new Data Center Fabric

The easiest part of designing and building the new fabric is the physical topology. This should be a symmetric topology to easily take advantage of equal cost multipath and add additional switches with ease. This is also known as a spine/leaf or clos topology. The basic idea is leafs connect to spines and spines connect to super spines. A leaf/spine should not connect to another switch of the same type expect for multichassis lag or virtual port-channel at the access layer if you’re utilizing this.


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ISIS as an underlay routing protocol

Next you must decide on routing protocols. We will not examine layer 2 as this will be a completely routed fabric eliminating the need for any STP in your datacenter. Remember if you’re not Facebook, Amazon, Netflix, or Google (FANG) or some other webscaler you probably don’t have FANG problems i.e. there is no need to run a BGP underlay and learn to turn all the associated knobs to make that work; nor to engage in troubleshooting complex problems like path hunting.

For this reason we will look at utilizing Intermediate System to Intermediate System (ISIS) as an underlay with Internal Border Gateway Protocol (iBGP) as an overlay.

We prefer ISIS as an underlay network for data centers because:

  • it is easier to scale than OSPF
  • is extensible from the beginning (Type Length Values for additional capabilities)
  • better stability at scale

The secondary loopback is to enable the advertisement of a virtual IP address for traffic destined to the vPC pair. Single attached or routed links will advertise the physical IP address of the leaf so traffic returns the that specific leaf and not the pair.

iBGP as the overlay

The overlay is pretty straight forward. We will run iBGP with loopback peerings to exchange EVPN routes. EVPN scales significantly better than other VxLAN control plane protocols so we will not explore flood and learn or static assignment.

We will be utilizing vPC on the access layer for the remainder of the post. There are other methods for dual attached devices such as EVPN-multihoming but as this is cisco specific for fabricpath migrations they will not be discussed.

See an example configuration below of how the VIP/PIP mentioned earlier operate

Leaf BGP and NVE

interface nve1
  no shutdown
  host-reachability protocol bgp
  advertise virtual-rmac ## for advertising the VIP 
  source-interface loopback1

router bgp 8675309
  router-id 100.127.0.4
  address-family l2vpn evpn
    advertise-pip ## for advertising PIP if single attached
  neighbor 100.127.0.0
    remote-as 8675309
    update-source loopback0
    address-family l2vpn evpn
      send-community
      send-community extended

Connecting the current fabricpath DC and new fabric

The first thing to do is decide on the physical point of interconnection. You’ll want to ensure you chose a place you have enough ports to do a dual sided vPC with enough bandwidth to cover lateral traffic between new/old until the migrations are complete.

Next we have to think about the layer 2 protocols in play. Since spanning tree isn’t in play on either side we need to take special consideration to make sure we do not introduce a layer 2 loop.

The EVPN/VxLAN side will not do anything with STP BPDUs but there is a requirement on the fabricpath side that it remains the root bridge. This is due to the entire fabricpath domain looking like one physical bridge. If a port in the fabricpath domain receives a superior BPDU a root-guard of sorts is enacted and the content edge port begins blocking.

Why do we care if STP doesn’t pass over the EVPN fabric? If the fabricpath environment is interconnected at two points then there will be a loop back to the fabricpath domain. This is a situation we want to avoid.

It can be avoided by:

  1. only having one interconnect
  2. manually pruning vlans at the two+ points of interconnect to ensure vlans remain on exactly ONE path

Migrating Switched Virtual Interfaces

Our preferred method of migrating SVIs from the old fabricpath environment to the new fabric is to:

  • build all of the new Distributed Anycast Gateways (DAG) on the new fabric
    • keep them shutdown
  • establish a L3 adjacency via BGP for routing traffic back to exit points until the migrations are complete
  • add the VLANs being migrated to the dual side vPC
  • shutdown the SVIs on the fabricpath side and no shut the DAGs on the new fabric
  • manually clear ARP on any hosts that did not update with the new DAG MAC

Migrating physical devices

Most of the physical devices are “easy” since there is no option but to physically move cables and you know this will result in a slight outage while the new uplinks come online.

However, with HA pairs of devices it is possible to migrate by moving the standby unit, waiting for the HA to reestablish, forcing a failover, move the active unit, and then “fail” back to the primary unit. This will test your HA setup as well as provide a seamless migration.

If you have new compute and storage you can migrate your workloads directly to the new environment and age out the legacy compute/storage.

Finally, ensure there are no more devices in use on your old environment and decommission the devices.

If you have questions or need assistance do not hesitate to reach out to us at ip architechs.

MikroTik – RouterOSv7 first look – VxLAN

VxLAN support added in 7.0beta5

MikroTik announced VxLAN support on Valentine’s Day (Feb 14th) of 2020.

This is a significant feature addition for RouterOSv7 as it will pave the way for a number of other additions like EVPN in BGP.

It will also give MikroTik the ability to appeal to enterprises and data centers that might need cost-effective VxLAN capable devices.

Service Providers are also moving towards VxLAN as a future replacement for VPLS so this is helpful for that market as well.

Download the OVA here:
https://download.mikrotik.com/routeros/7.0beta5/chr-7.0beta5.ova

Implementation

The initial release of VxLAN is based on unicast and multicast to deliver Layer 2 frames.

As there is no EVPN support, the VTEPs must be manually configured for each endpoint in a full mesh configuration.

The VxLAN interface can then be bridged to a physical ethernet port or VLAN interface to deliver the traffic to the end host.

Lab Example

Here is an overview lab in EVE-NG with a basic setup using 3 linux servers on the same 10.1.1.0/24 subnet which is carried as an overlay by VxLAN.

VxLAN reachability for VTEPs is acheived with OSPFv2 and loopback addresses.

VNI: 100
Multicast Group: 239.0.0.1

Lab Validation

In the following packet capture, traffic to UDP port 8472 can be seen between two endpoints.

The ICMP ping test between server 1 (10.1.1.1) and server 2 (10.1.1.2) is also visible

Pings between Server 1 and Servers 2 & 3

Configurations

R1

/interface bridge
 add name=Bridge-VxLAN-VNI-100
 add name=Lo0
 /interface vxlan
 add group=239.0.0.1 interface=ether1 mtu=1400 name=VxLAN-VNI-100 port=8472 vni=100
 /routing ospf instance
 add name=ospf-instance-1 router-id=100.127.1.1 version=2
 /routing ospf area
 add area-id=0.0.0.0 instance=ospf-instance-1 name=ospf-area-1
 /interface bridge port
 add bridge=Bridge-VxLAN-VNI-100 interface=ether8
 add bridge=Bridge-VxLAN-VNI-100 interface=VxLAN-VNI-100
 /interface vxlan vteps
 add interface=VxLAN-VNI-100 remote-ip=100.127.1.2
 add interface=VxLAN-VNI-100 remote-ip=100.127.1.3
 /ip address
 add address=100.127.1.1 interface=Lo0 network=100.127.1.1
 add address=100.126.0.1/29 interface=ether1 network=100.126.0.0
 /routing ospf interface
 add area=ospf-area-1 instance-id=0 network=100.126.0.0/29
 add area=ospf-area-1 instance-id=0 network=100.127.1.1
 /system identity
 set name=MikroTik-R1

R2

/interface bridge
 add name=Bridge-VxLAN-VNI-100
 add name=Lo0
 /interface vxlan
 add group=239.0.0.1 interface=ether1 mtu=1400 name=VxLAN-VNI-100 port=8472    vni=100
 /routing ospf instance
 add name=ospf-instance-1 router-id=100.127.1.2 version=2
 /routing ospf area
 add area-id=0.0.0.0 instance=ospf-instance-1 name=ospf-area-1
 /interface bridge port
 add bridge=Bridge-VxLAN-VNI-100 interface=ether8
 add bridge=Bridge-VxLAN-VNI-100 interface=VxLAN-VNI-100
 /interface vxlan vteps
 add interface=VxLAN-VNI-100 remote-ip=100.127.1.1
 add interface=VxLAN-VNI-100 remote-ip=100.127.1.3
 /ip address
 add address=100.127.1.2 interface=Lo0 network=100.127.1.2
 add address=100.126.0.2/29 interface=ether1 network=100.126.0.0
 /routing ospf interface
 add area=ospf-area-1 instance-id=0 network=100.126.0.0/29
 add area=ospf-area-1 instance-id=0 network=100.127.1.2
 /system identity
 set name=MikroTik-R2

R3

 /interface bridge
 add name=Bridge-VxLAN-VNI-100
 add name=Lo0
 /interface vxlan
 add group=239.0.0.1 interface=ether1 mtu=1400 name=VxLAN-VNI-100 port=8472 
     vni=100
 /routing ospf instance
 add name=ospf-instance-1 router-id=100.127.1.3 version=2
 /routing ospf area
 add area-id=0.0.0.0 instance=ospf-instance-1 name=ospf-area-1
 /interface bridge port
 add bridge=Bridge-VxLAN-VNI-100 interface=ether8
 add bridge=Bridge-VxLAN-VNI-100 interface=VxLAN-VNI-100
 /interface vxlan vteps
 add interface=VxLAN-VNI-100 remote-ip=100.127.1.1
 add interface=VxLAN-VNI-100 remote-ip=100.127.1.2
 /ip address
 add address=100.127.1.3 interface=Lo0 network=100.127.1.3
 add address=100.126.0.3/29 interface=ether1 network=100.126.0.0
 /routing ospf interface
 add area=ospf-area-1 instance-id=0 network=100.126.0.0/29
 add area=ospf-area-1 instance-id=0 network=100.127.1.3
 /system identity
 set name=MikroTik-R3